In the Huawei Global Connectivity Index for 2017, India has come in at the 43rd rank among 50 countries included in the survey. India has moved up one place from the previous year in the Index. The report notes that India has lagged in the broadband assessment, but there has been a slight increase in the affordability of high speed internet access.
The report points out that the availability of high speed broadband connections has allowed the services export sector to upgrade from the programming work and providing helpdesk support services. The shift is seen towards knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) and business process outsourcing (BPO). The shift will need to be supported with data processing capabilities, more computational power, higher storage and even more bandwidth.
One of the strengths of India is the Bharat Net program. The program used to be earlier known as the National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) project, and aims to connect 250,000 gram panchayats across the country with wired broadband services by 2018. The program is expected to be a game changer for India. The program got a boost with an allocation of Rs 10,000 crore during the 2017 budget, but the program has a long way to go. Only 76,089 villages have been provided a cable so far, and only 16,355 enjoy broadband connectivity.
There has been an increase in the investment in cloud based technologies from Indian companies. The Indian companies are beginning to realise the benefits offered by cloud services. However, most of the services are obtained through foreign vendors.
One of the opportunities for India is encouraging local providers of cloud services. For local cloud service vendors to thrive, it is necessary for them to develop in a sustainable manner, and ensure the security of data.
There is a need for policy regulations on the delivery of cloud services as well as the storage of data. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has called for inputs from stakeholders on issues related to cloud services, included data security, quality of service and legal frameworks. For the Digital India mission to succeed, the report notes that the Government should develop a policy for providing information and services to internal and external stakeholders. Apart from building up the communications capability, the local generation of technologies also stands to benefit the Digital India mission